What Is China`s Role In The Paris Climate Agreement

Despite his big leaps forward in renewable energy, Korsbakken believes That China`s efforts to reduce emissions have focused more on pragmatism than on climate leadership. He said that deep reductions in greenhouse gases have been welcomed by efforts to reduce air pollution in cities, the development of service and high-tech industries and the diversification of the energy mix: China is implementing many important strategies in several sectors that have implications for climate change, but the policy direction still involves the introduction of fossil fuels in the medium term. While China`s 13th Five-Year Plan (2016-2020) forecasts a maximum share of 58% of coal in domestic energy consumption and 15% of primary energy consumption from non-fossil sources by 2020, the country expects continued development of fossil infrastructure. At the EU-China Summit in September 2020, the EU called on China to meet its climate ambitions by reaching the highest level of CO2 emissions by 2025 and zero by 2060 (Simon, 2020). At the 75th session of the UN General Assembly on 22 September 2020, President Xi Jinping said that China would “increase its planned contributions at the national level” and “reach a peak in CO2 emissions before 2030” (FMPRC, 2020). China`s emissions forecasts from the current policy were revised downwards during the current COVID 19 pandemic. If implemented, the current measures would result in GHG emission levels of 12.9 to 14.7 GtCO2e/year by 2030. This policy should enable China to meet its 2020 promise and the NDC`s 2030 targets. Of the three NPN targets, expected emissions from the CO2 intensity target (emissions/GDP) have also been revised down from -3 to -8% in 2030, reaching 14.1-16.9 GtCO2e/ in 2030, due to new GDP forecasts in the context of the ongoing global pandemic. China`s NDCs and national measures are not yet in line with limiting warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius, let alone 1.5 degrees Celsius, unless other countries achieve much larger reductions and comparatively greater efforts than China`s. At the EU-China Summit in September 2020, the EU called on China to achieve its climate ambitions by increasing its CO2 emissions to their highest level by 2060 by 2025, reaching net zero by 2060 and halting all investments in coal-fired power plants in Switzerland and abroad. After a G20 summit in June, tarnished by U.S. opposition to the climate talks, China and France issued a joint statement with Guterres pledging to raise their goals.

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