The agreement was moderately economicly beneficial for Pakistan, which obtained pastures in the agreement, but much more important politically, as it reduced both the potential for conflict between China and Pakistan and, according to Syed, “China has formally and firmly declared that Kashmir does not yet belong to India.  The 1963 period, which referred to the case, expressed the view that, in signing the agreement, Pakistan had further dampened the “hopes for a settlement” of the Kashmir conflict between Pakistan and India. As part of the Sino-Pakistan agreement, Pakistani control of part of northern Kashmir has been recognized by China.  After Pakistan voted to grant China a seat at the Un, the Chinese withdrew the controversial cards in January 1962 and agreed to begin border talks in March. The willingness of the Chinese to accede to the agreement was welcomed by the Pakistani people. Negotiations between the nations officially began on 13 October 1962 and resulted in the signing of an agreement on 2 March 1963.  It was signed by Foreign Minister Chen Yi for the Chinese and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto for the Pakistanis. The agreement led China and Pakistan to withdraw from about 1,900 square kilometers of territory and a border based on the British note of 1899 to China, as amended in 1905 by Lord Curzon. Indian writers insisted that Pakistan had ceded 5,300 km2 of territory to China (to which they believe it had no rights). In fact, if ever, Pakistan has gained some territory, about 52 km2 (20 sq mi), south of the Khunjerab pass. [Neutrality is controversial] The claim of Pakistan was abandoned, was the area north of the River Uprang Jilga, which also enjoyed the plots of Raksam, where the Mir of Hunza had tax and grazing rights for much of the late 19th century under agreements with the Chinese authorities in Sinkiang. Despite this, I have never questioned the sovereignty over the territory by Hunza, the British or the State of Jammu and Kashmir.
 During this period, China was challenged with India over the eastern border of Kashmir, with India resold the border and claiming that such demarcations had never taken place.